Indian car industry is gearing up to meet the Bharat Stage-IV emission norms that will come into force by 2010.
President of Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), Pawan Goenka said, “By April 2010, BS-IV norms will come into force which will bring down emission levels. We are about four to six years behind the US and European norms.”
The SIAM Director General Dilip Chenoy said, “It is better to stay a year or so behind their norms since we can then learn from their experience.” He also cited an example of an after-treatment device that was fitted into all European cars after the enforcement of Euro II and Euro III emission norms. According to Chenoy this adds to the cost. In India, the engines are optimized without any such after-treatment devices because Indians have learnt from their experience. Hence, according to Chenoy, it’s better to stay behind.
It is believed that in India 80% of the environment is polluted by vehicles that are years old. SIAM plans to chuck out all these vehicles including the buses that are based on their age and mileage. At present the body is monitoring different emission studies and is deeply looking into the matter.
One research is undertaken by Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI). TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) and Toyota have also undertaken a study in Bangalore to research on the health effects of diesel, nano particles, and CNG. SIAM is also working to fit retrofit devices that can bring down emissions in buses.