The Global New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) tests cars on carious safety factors and give an indication of how safe a car is in the event of a collision. Test cars are subjected to a battery of tests filmed using high speed cameras. Recently, the Maruti Suzuki Swift and the Datsun Go went through Global NCAP crash tests and flunked them.
The Maruti Suzuki Swift and the Datsun Go had neither airbags nor ABS and, as a result, the crash test dummy driver in the Swift received near fatal injuries. The body structure of the Swift did not hold up too well either. The tests concluded that if airbags are included in the Swift, its safety factor would increase.
However, the crash test dummy in the Datsun Go fared even worse, having received fatal injuries. The structural integrity of the body structure of the Go failed severely, contributing to the head, neck, legs and torso injuries. The failure of the body structure also means that the addition of airbags would not do much to improve the safety. Two stars were awarded for child safety, though.
These tests were conducted by crashing the cars into an obstacle at a velocity of 64 kph. Vehicle makers exclude safety features from base variants of several cars to keep the costs down and also due to lack of customer demand. NCAP India has taken a decision to fit all new cars with airbags and ABS as standard by 2016.